Science & Technology


HPV vaccine is approved for a greater age range

October 18, 2018

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the prevalence of genital HPV for adults aged 18-59 is 45.2 percent, making it the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Certain high-risk strains of these ...

 
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Once only available for children and young adults, Gardasil 9 is now approved for older ages.

Scientists develop new immunotherapy

October 18, 2018

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to James P. Allison from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Tasuku Honjo from Kyoto University for their discovery of the inhibition of negative immune regulation to aid in cancer therapy. 

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Therapeutic cancer vaccine is a commonly used treatment at BKI.

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The soil composition on Mars is different from what is found on Earth.

The experimentation of growing plants on Mars

October 17, 2018

It feels like this horse has long since been beaten to death — when are we going to finally land humans on Mars? It’s been a lifetime since the idea was first entertained, but so far the closest we’ve gotten is Matt Damon celebrating potatoes in The Martian. 


Three women who battled environmental issues

October 17, 2018

Throughout history, women have played a critical role in confronting environmental crises. Many had to fight tirelessly to highlight the environmental problems they studied, often enduring gender-based critiques of both their personal and professional lives.


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Darwin’s theory of natural selection inspires novel chemical research.

Evolutionary chemists win Nobel Prize

October 18, 2018

Darwin’s theory of evolution has been around for nearly 200 years, but its influence does not appear to subside with time. Not only is the topic of evolution a required biology curriculum in schools across the world, but it has also been cited in numerous research studies and papers. Today, it is still driving the forefront of molecular research. In fact, research conducted on the basis of Darwin’s theory of natural selection has recently led scientists to claim the 2018 Nobel Chemistry Prize.


Hopkins lab integrates neuroscience and robotics

October 18, 2018

A team of researchers at the School of Medicine and the Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) recently won a National Science Foundation grant to combine neuroscience and robotics to improve autonomous robot swarms. In robotics, a swarm is a group of simple robots that interact and collaborate to perform complex tasks.


Students present projects at Research Symposium

October 18, 2018

The annual Undergraduate Research Symposium (URS), sponsored by both the Hopkins Undergraduate Society for Neuroscience (Nu Rho Psi) and the Hopkins Office for Undergraduate Research (HOUR), took place last week on Oct. 8. 


How the germ theory of disease developed

October 18, 2018

In the 19th century, polished white rice was increasingly sought after in Japan. Advances in technology allowed grains to be mechanically milled rather than processed by hand, with the outer and inner husks removed and the remainder polished to a glossy white. This rice was easy to store, lasted longer than its predecessors and, to some, probably tasted better. 


Antibody therapy can suppress HIV infections

October 11, 2018

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus capable of infecting vital organs and CD4 cells, a type of lymphocyte, that comprise the human immune system. Once transmitted, the virus grows and progresses in the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is a drug therapy that either prevents HIV infection or slows down the spread of the virus. These antiretrovirals include several types of inhibitors. 


An ancient virus infection linked with addiction

October 11, 2018

Many regions in the human genome are composed of “junk DNA” that do not code for proteins in the cell.  While these DNA codes are generally viewed as redundant and seemingly serve no particular function in the human body, some codes could be evidence of evolutionary scars left behind from ancient viral infections from the time of our primate ancestors.


CCOURTESY OF JAEMIE BENNETT
Four undergraduates presented their research on the brain at the seminar.

HOUR hosts third Student Seminar Series

October 11, 2018

The Hopkins Office for Undergraduate Research (HOUR) hosted the third lecture in the Student Seminar Series on Oct. 1.  The series provides a venue for undergraduates to present their research.


Two women awarded Nobel Prizes in scientific fields

October 11, 2018

This year, two women won Nobel Prizes in scientific disciplines. Donna Strickland, an optical physicist, invented chirped pulse amplification with her co-awardee Gérard Mourou. Strickland is only the third female physicist to receive the award and the first in 55 years.

ADAM BAKER / CC BY 2.0
Science Nobel prizes have been awarded to 18 women in it’s history.

Ancient virus infection is linked with addiction

October 10, 2018

Many regions in the human genome are composed of “junk DNA” that do not code for proteins in the cell.  While these DNA codes are generally viewed as redundant and seemingly serve no particular function in the human body, some codes could be evidence of evolutionary scars left behind from ancient viral infections from the time of our primate ancestors.


Dachshund receives 3D-printed skull replacement

October 11, 2018

Patches, a nine-year-old dachshund, is now cancer-free thanks to a group of researchers.  Veterinary surgical oncologist Michelle Oblak from the University of Guelph’s Ontario Veterinary College and Cornell University’s small-animal surgeon Galina Hayes were the researchers who accomplished this veterinary first. 

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Researchers designed a 3D-printed plate that successfully replaced a portion of a dachshund’s skull.

The rate of babies born with syphilis is rising

October 11, 2018

Syphilis was nearly wiped out in the United States under the leadership of Gail Bolan, the director of the Division for Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). However, in the last four years, syphilis has made a comeback and it has particularly been affecting newborns at high rates.


Wrap up: the latest in technology

October 11, 2018

Amazon and Apple deny their information was compromised A Bloomberg Businessweek report claimed that Amazon, Apple and 30 other U.S. companies had their technologies compromised by Chinese espionage. The report declared that Chinese spies infiltrated multiple companies by installing microchips into their servers.